KHỐI 12 TỔNG HỢP TỪ VỰNG TỪ UNIT 10-16
NEW WORDS UNIT 10- UNIT 16
1. Birds aren’t all the same. There are many different _____.
A. categories B. species C. animals D. plants
2. The rhinoceros will become ___ if people continue to hurt them.
A. extinct B. instinct C. distinct D. extinction
3. Thousands of species of animals and plants are ____ and the number decreases each year.
A. danger B. dangerous C. endanger D. endangered
4. If one species becomes extinct, the whole chain will be ___ seriously.
A. disappeared B. killed C. damaged D. threatened
5. We depend on species diversity to provide food, clean air and water.
A. popularity B. existence C. development D. variety
6. More than a billion people all over the world are under the threat of desert____.
A. increase B. expansion C. extension D. development
7. Biologists have introduced a global list of endangered and vulnerable animal species.
A. rare and specious B. small but invaluable C. weak and easily hurt D. strong and unusual
8. Government have passed laws to protect wildlife from commercial trade.
A. enabled B. enforced C. enacted D. ensured
9. The government is now trying to protect gorilla to ensure their ____.
A. life B. existence C. survival D. growth
10. Everyone is worried about the ___ of the rainforests.
A. destruction B. protection C. species D. extinction
11. Without ___ all the resources necessary for life would be damaged, wasted or destroyed.
A. conversation B. biodiversity C. extinction D. destruction
12. Many people are interested in watching ___.
A. wildlife B. wilds C. wilderness D. wildly
13. This species has nearly died out because its ___ is being destroyed.
A. environment B. habitat C. land D. forest
14. The primary causes of species extinction are habitat destruction, commercial ___ and pollution.
A. exploit B. exploiting C. exploitation D. exploitative
15. Toxic chemicals in the air and land have also driven many species to the ___ of extinction.
A. border B. limit C. verge D. edge
16. It is ___ to cross the sea in a small boat.
A. danger B. endanger C. dangerous D. endangered
17. Do you think plants and animals, however small or oversized, all contribute to the ____?
A. conversation B. extinction C. destruction D. biodiversity
18. Many African and Asian nations have set aside land called ___ to protect the habitats of elephants and other wild animals.
A. reserves B. species C. wildlife D. forest
19. Over 120 ___ of birds have been recorded in this national park.
A. species B. diversity C. animals D. individuals
20. The mountain gorilla is on the verge of ___.
A. extinct B. extraction C. extinguish D. extinction
21. Reviewers often ___ books as “hard to put down” or “hard to pick up again”.
A. describe B. illustrate C. classify D. choose
22. Have you got any books on business methods or any similar ___?
A. subject B. content C. author D. matter
23. How are the books in this library___?
A. divided B. named C. gathered D. classified
24. Robert’s new book will be ___ in August.
A. typed B. published C. broadcast D. announced
25. I’m reading a Stephen King’s novel. It’s really exciting and I couldn’t ___.
A. get it off B. put it down C. take it on D. look it up
26. Children tend to read ___ books that tell stories through pictures.
A. novel B. fiction C. science D. comic
27. What kind of readers would you ___ this book?
A. advise B. introduce C. recommend D. persuade
28. Watching videos is becoming a popular form of ___.
A. entertain B. entertainment C. entertainer D. entertaining
29. After talking to Mary for ten minutes, George paused, waiting for her to ___the information.
A. taste B. chew C. swallow D. digest
30. Mr. Johnson was so busy that he only had enough time to ___ the report before he attended the meeting.
A. dip into B. review C. go over D. pick up
31. The book ___ me of the days I was in the army.
A. remembers B. reminds C. recalls D. recollects
32. Most novels are divided into several___.
A. chapters B. units C. sections D. passages
33. Cambridge University Press is the ___ of the book you are reading.
A. author B. editor C. printer D. publisher
34. Ernest Hemingway is one of my ___ American writers.
A. best B. favourite C. ideal D. most popular
35. I’d like to ___ that book when you’ve read it.
A. borrow B. hire C. lend D. loan
36. The plot of the novel was exciting, but I didn’t find the ___ very interesting.
A. characters B. figures C. people D. persons
37. The dictionary is too expensive for me. I can’t ___ it.
A. spend B. cost C. afford D. pay
38. ___ books tell stories from the author’s imagination.
A. Fiction B. Picture C. Coloured D. Long
39. If you can’t find what you are looking for in the book, use the ___.
A. index B. list C. preface D. directory
40. He’s a ___ boy. He knows everything from books never gives any logical and practical solutions.
A. bookworm B. bookish C. bookbinder D. book-keeper
41. Runners from eight different countries will be competing in the next ___.
A. race B. place C. record D. course
42. It is common knowledge that sportmen ___ themselves in good form by regular swimming.
A. put B. make C. take D. keep
43. Synchronized swimming is a sport in which groups of swimmers ___ in patterns in the water to music.
A. go B. move C. dive D. jump
44. Wind – surfing is a common term for two similar ___ sports: sail-surfing and sail- boarding.
A. water B. wind C. sail D. board
45. Volleyball, basketball, football are ___ games.
A. team B. group C. crowd D. class
46. Rowing is the sport or activity of travelling in a boat by using ___.
A. air tanks B. sails C. boards D. oars
47. Unlike football, a water polo game is ___ into quarters.
A. divided B. separated C. cut D. played
48. In 1918, Smith ___ the record for the world’s longest flight by flying 2,350 miles from Cairo to Calcutta.
A. smashed B. split C. cracked D. broke
49. One of the four period of time in which a game of American football is divided is known as a ___.
A. part B. half C. quarter D. stage
50. The ___ is the official who controls the game in some sports.
A. player B. captain C. referee D. defender
51. In water polo, holding balls with two hands and punching ball are ___.
A. errors B. fouls C. faults D. mistakes
52. A kick taken as a penalty in the game of football is called a penalty kick or ___ kick.
A. punishment B. foul C. opposition D. spot
53. Any players who commit 5 personal fouls will be ___.
A. rejected B. ejected C. sacked D. dismissed
54. In water polo the ball can be ___ by passing with one hand.
A. advanced B. forwarded C. thrown D. kicked
55. No player except the ___ can hold the ball with two hands.
A. goalie B. referee C. defensive player D. striker
56. Katherine Curtis developed the ___ for the competition of synchronized swimming.
A. regulations B. formula C. laws D. principles
57. The whole audience objected to their foul play during the football match.
A. clumsy B. dependent C. imperfect D. unfair
58. The match ended in a ___.
A. foul B. tie C. range D. penalty
59. William won first ___ in the tennis competition.
A. medal B. prize C. reward D. position
60. If you ___ the goalie, there are seven players in a team.
A. gather B. conclude C. collect D. include
1. Johnny used to be one of the most _______ athletes in my country.
A. succeed B. success C. successful D. successfully
2. The 22nd SEA Games consisted of athletes from eleven _____ countries.
A. participate B. participant C. participation D. participating
3. _______, the athlete broke the world's record with two attempts.
A. Surprise B. Surprised C. Surprising D. Surprisingly
4. On behalf of the referees and athletes, referee Hoang Quoc Vinh and shooter Nguyen Manh Tuong swore to an oath of "_______, Honesty and Fair Play".
A. Performance B. Delegation C. Participation D. Solidarity
5. The ASEAN Para-Games are hosted by the same country where the SEA Games took place.
A. organized B. impressed C. participated D. defended
6. The ASEAN Para-Games is a biannual multi-sport _______ held after every Southeast Asian Games for
athletes with physical disabilities.
A. games B. event C. work D. situation
7. In beach volleyball, Indonesia defeated Thailand in straight sets to take men's gold _______.
A. present B. award C. medal D. reward
8. The 22nd SEA Games was the first time when Vietnam finished top of the medal _______.
A. standings B. events C. spirits D. programs
9. Viet Nam's successful hosting of the 22nd SEA Games is considered a/an _____ example for other countries to follow, particularly in honesty, consistence and organizing method.
A. festival B. peaceful C. energetic D. outstanding
10. The number of Vietnamese sport officials and referees of international standard taking part in regional tournaments has increased rapidly.
A. hosting B. participating C. achieving D. succeeding
11. At the 23rd SEA Games, Viet Nam proved its position in the region by ____ third behind the host - the Philippines and second-ranked Thailand.
A. finishing B. playing C. preparing D. performing
12. In the 22nd SEA Games in 2003, the country _______ the competition with 340 medals, including 156 golds, 91 silvers and 93 bronzes.
A. defended B. cost C. topped D. ranked
13. To improve its athletes' _______, Viet Nam has regularly exchanged delegation of sport officials, coaches, referees and athletes with other countries.
A. team B. competitor C. appearance D. performance
14. _______ is the activity of doing special exercises regularly in order to make your muscles grow bigger.
A. Wrestling B. Bodybuilding C. Weightlifting D. Badminton
15. He is a great sports _______. He rarely misses any sport games although he was busy.
A. enthusiast B. player C. energy D. programmer
16. At the 23rd SEA Games, Viet Nam proved its position in the region by ____ third behind the host - the Philippines and second-ranked Thailand.
A. finishing B. playing C. preparing D. performing
17. How many _______ took part in the 22nd SEA Games?
A. compete B. competitors C. competition D. competitor
18. The second part of the program in the 22nd SEA Games opening ceremony was named "_______ for Peace".
A. Cooperate B. Cooperation C. Cooperative D. Cooperatively
19. The _______ wanted to reduce the breadth of the games, with many events currently having small fields and weak competition.
A. organize B. organization C. organizable D. organizers
20. Before the 22nd SEA Games, Vietnam had made a good _______ in every aspect.
A. prepare B. preparation C. preparative D. preparer
21. ASEAN press praised the great _______ of Vietnamese athletes at the 22nd SEA Games.
A. sports B. sportsman C. sporting D. sportsmanship
22. The success of the 22nd SEA Games had a great contribution of many _______ volunteers.
A. support B. supporter C. supportive D. supportively
23. Since its rejoining in the Southeast Asian arena in 1989, Viet Nam's sports have made great _______,
particularly in recent SEA Games.
A. success B. invention C. host D. game
24. The athlete had tried his best to _______ his SEA Games title and records.
A. carry B. perform C. defend D. support
25. Viet Nam is now willing to _______ part in the 24th SEA Games hosted by Thailand by the end of 2007 with a total of 958 athletes.
A. play B. lose C. take D. enjoy
26. The International Committee Red Cross has about 12,000 staff members worldwide, about 800 of them working in its Geneva _______.
A. factories B. companies C. headquarters D. buildings
27. The Red Cross on white background was the original protection ___declared at the 1864 Geneva Convention.
A. poster B. billboard C. symbol D. signal
28. The Red Cross is an international organization that helps people who are suffering from the results of war, diseases or _______.
A. victims B. disasters C. opportunities D. conditions
29. Be careful! The tree is going to fall.
A. Look out B. Look up C. Look on D. Look after
30. The organization was established in 1950 in the USA.
A. come around B. set up C. made out D. put on
31. The International Red Cross helps people in need without any discrimination based on _______, race, religion, class or political opinions.
A. national B. nationally C. nationality D. native
32. The International Committee of the Red Cross is a private ___institution founded in 1863 in Geneva, Switzerland
A. human B. humanity C. humanization D. humanitarian
33. In former days, after the battles soldiers on both sides died or were left wounded on the field without any _______ attendance and basic care.
A. medicine B. medical C. medication D. medically
34. The International Red Cross has about 97 million volunteers whose main _______ is to protect human life and health.
A. mission B. experience C. organization D. rule
35. The International Red Cross helps to ensure respect for the human being, and to prevent and relieve human ____. A. protection B. enjoyment C. wealthy D. sufferings
36. An international medical conference initiated by Davison resulted in the birth of the League of Red Cross
Societies in 1991.
A. started B. helped C. treated D. dedicated
37. In times of war, the Red Cross is dedicated to reducing the sufferings of wounded soldiers, civilians, and prisoners of war.
A. mounted B. excited C. devoted D. interested
38. _______ is a situation in which large numbers of people have little or no food, and many of them die.
A. Disaster B. Famine C. Poverty D. Flood.
39. Within their home country, National Red Cross and Red Crescent societies assume the duties and
responsibilities of a national relief society.
A. take on B. get off C. go about D. put in
40. The bomb exploded in the garage; fortunately no one hurt.
A. put on B. went off C. got out D. kept up
41. She sustained severe head _______ after being thrown from her horse.
A. injure B. injured C. injuries D. injurious
42. According to World Bank figures, 41 per cent of Brazilians live in absolute _______.
A. poor B. poorer C. poorly D. poverty
43. Up until the middle of the 19th century, there were no ____and well established army nursing systems for
A. organize B. organized C. organizational D. organizers
44. The AIDS _______ continues to spread around the world. Up to 4,000 people are infected with the HIV virus every single day.
A. treatment B. epidemic C. tsunami D. damage
45. During World War II, the Red Cross organized relief assistance for _______ and wounded soldiers and
administered the exchange of messages regarding prisoners and missing persons.
A. civilians B. governments C. authorities D. members
46. A _____is a very large wave, often caused by an earthquake that flows onto the land and destroys things. A. famine B. catastrophe C. tsunami D. flood
47. By the end of World War II, 179 _______ of the Red Cross had conducted 12,750 visits to POW (prisoner of war) camps in 41 countries.
A. conferences B. symbols C. missions D. delegates
48. We oppose this war, as we would do any other war which created an environmental catastrophe.
A. pollution B. disaster C. convention D. epidemic
49. The first relief assistance mission organized by the League was an aid mission for the _______ of a famine and subsequent typhus epidemic in Poland.
A. leaders B. authorities C. victims D. organizers
50. The 1923 earthquake in Japan killed about 200,000 people and left countless wounded and homeless.
A. poor B. imprisoned C. suffered D. injured
51. In 2004 more than 40 national societies have worked with more than 22,000 _______ to bring relief to the
countless victims of the earthquake.
A. actions B. volunteers C. founders D. nations
52. How are you _______ on with your work? - It is OK.
A. calling B. getting C. laying D. looking
53. All payments to the ICRC are _______ and are received as donations.
A. volunteer B. voluntary C. voluntarily D. voluntariness
54. The Red Cross organizes and leads relief assistance missions after ______, such as natural disasters, man-
made disasters, and epidemics.
A. emergent B. emergencies C. emergently D. emergence
55. One of the tasks of the Red Cross is also to support local _____ care projects.
A. health B. healthy C. healthful D. healthily
56. The International Red Cross and Red Crescent _______ occurs once every four years.
A. Globe B. Society C. Conference D. Nations
57.The mission of the Red Cross is also to supervise the _______ of prisoners of war.
A. education B. encouragement C. treatment D. runaway
58. The total number of national Red Cross societies from all over the world has mounted to 186.
A. protected B. devoted C. increased D. aimed
59. Henri Davison, president of the American Red Cross war Committee proposed forming a federation of these National Societies.
A. took B. dedicated C. carried D. suggested
60. Fifty per cent of road accidents results in head injuries.
A. examines B. heals C. causes D. treats
61. Jean Henri Dunant was appalled by the almost complete lack of care for wounded soldiers.
A. dedicated B. shocked C. interested D. excited
62. The mission statement of the International Movement as formulated in the "Strategy 2010" document of the
Federation is to improve the lives of vulnerable people by mobilizing the power of humanity.
A. weak and unprotected B. wealthy and famous C. poor and disabled D. deaf and mute
63. The authority _______ down that building to build a supermarket.
A. knocked B. came C. went D. fell
64. In some most Asian countries women are undervalued and they never have the same ___ as men.
A. formality B. basis C. limit D. status
65. What does "WWW" ________ for? Is it short for “world wide web?”
A. sit B. stand C. lie D. point
66. Not all women can do two jobs well at the same time: rearing children and working at office.
A. educating B. taking care of C. homemaking D. giving a birth
67. There have been significant changes in women's lives since the women's liberation movement.
A. controlled B. economic C. important D. natural
68. Childbearing is the women's most wonderful role.
A. Giving birth to a baby B. Having no child C. Bring up a child D. Educating a child
69. Most people consider it women's ________ to take care of children and do housework.
A. limit B. relationship C. responsibility D. respect
70. Mrs. Pike is a feminist, who ________ that women should be offered the same job opportunities as men.
A. varies B. advocates C. leads D. votes
71. It is against the law to _______ on the basis of sex, age, marital status, or race.
A. suit B. discriminate C. believe D. gain
72. Women's status ______ in different countries and it depends on the cultural beliefs.
A. varies B. employs C. fixes D. establishes
73. Women's contribution to our society has been ______ better these days.
A. differently B. naturally C. intellectually D. significantly
74. Many of young people between the ages of 16 and 18 who are neither in education nor ________ are in danger of wasting their lives.
A. power B. ability C. nature D. employment
75. ASEAN helps to ____ regional cooperation in Southeast Asia in the spirit of equality and partnership
A. invest B. promote C. admit D. invest
76. Rice is the _______ exported product of Vietnam.
A. main B. free C. average D. rural
77. Southeast Asia is a region of diverse cultures.
A. same B. adopted C. various D. respected
78. ASEAN also works for the _______ of peace and stability in the region.
A. promote B. promotion C. promotional D. promoter
79. The Association of Southeast Asian Nations, commonly referred to as ASEAN, is a geo-political and _______organization.
A. economy B. economic C. economics D. economical
80. The motivations for the birth of ASEAN were the desire for a _______ environment.
A. stable B. stability C. stably D. stabilize
81. ASEAN was founded on 8 August, 1967 with five ________: Thailand, Indonesia, Malaysia, Singapore, and the Philippines.
A. members B. competitors C. leaders D. statesmen
82. ASEAN is an organization on the Southeast Asian region that aims to _______ economic growth, social
progress, and cultural development.
A. account B. include C. accelerate D. respect
83. The aims of the Association of Southeast Asia include the evolvement of economic growth, social progress, cultural development among its members, and the promotion of regional peace.
A. goals B. organizations C. missions D. plans
84. ASEAN has emphasized cooperation in the "three pillars" of security, socio cultural and economic _______ in the region.
A. organization B. production C. integration D. establishment
85. The ASEAN Free Trade Area (AFTA) is an agreement by the member nations of ASEAN concerning local manufacturing in all ASEAN countries.
A. progressing B. producing C. combining D. aiming
86. ASEAN has planned equitable economic development and reduced poverty and ___disparities in year 2020.
A. socio-politic B. socio-cultural C. socio-linguistic D. socio-economic
87. ASEAN's aims include the acceleration of economic growth, _______ progress, cultural, development among its members, and the promotion of regional peace.
A. society B. social C. socially D. socialize
88. A combined gross domestic _______ of the member countries of ASEAN has grown at an average rate of
around 6% per year.
A. produce B. productivity C. production D. product
89. One of ASEAN's objectives is to help people think about peace and _______ and do something about it. A. origin B. justice C. statistics D. record
90. There are plenty of industrial _______ established in the area, which also makes the government worried about pollution. A. series B. goods C. enterprises D. relationships
91. Free _____ area is a designated group of countries that have agreed to eliminate tariffs, quotas, and preferences on most goods among them.
A. trade B. cultural C. stable D. adopted
92. The ASEAN Investment Area aims to enhance the competitiveness of the region for attracting direct investment which flows into and within ASEAN.
A. produce B. combine C. found D. improve
93. ASEAN has ___a community of Southeast' Asian nations at peace with one another and at peace with the world.
A. joined B. estimated C. established D. solved
94. Throughout the 1970s, ASEAN embarked on a program of economic _______.
A. cooperate B. cooperation C. cooperative D. cooperatively
95. 2007 was the 40th anniversary of the _______ of ASEAN.
A. found B. founder C. foundation D. founding
96. Vietnam asked for _______ to ASEAN in 1995.
A. admit B. admission C. admissive D. admissible
97. ASEAN economic cooperation _______ many areas, such as agriculture, industry, services, transportations, and tourism.
A. creates B. contains C. consists D. covers
98. ASEAN bodies in addressing global and regional concerns such as food security, _______ and disaster
A. realization B. energy C. plan D. diversity
99. The 8th ASEAN Science and Technology Week is now being ____ in Manila from 1 to 11 July 2008.
A. held B. joined C. related D. combined
100. The ASEAN Science and Technology Week aims to promote science and technology _____in the region. A. tourism B. solution C. forestry D. development